Latest news from the lab

Goldhar, C., J.D. Ford and L. Berrang-Ford (2010). International Journal of Circumpolar Health 69(3):285-303. Download PDF. Objectives. Characterize and examine the prevalence of food insecurity in Qeqertarsuaq, Greenland, and identify stressors affecting the food system. Study design. A mixed-methods study using quantitative food security surveys and semi-structured interviews.Read More →

Berrang-Ford, L., O. Berke, S. Sweeney, and L. Abdelrahman (2010). Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases. Available on-line ahead of print. Find PDF. Sleeping sickness is a major threat to human health in sub-Saharan Africa. Southeastern Uganda has experienced a number of significant epidemics in the past 100 years, most recently from 1976 to 1989. Recent and continued spread of the disease has highlighted gaps in the ability of current research to explain and predict the distribution of infection.Read More →

Ford, J.D., E.C.H. Keskitalo, T. Smith, T. Pearce, L. Berrang-Ford, F. Duerden and B. Smit (2010). Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews – Climate Change 1:374-92. Find PDF. Assessing vulnerability is an important component of human dimensions of climate change (HDCC) research. Vulnerability assessments identify and characterize who and what are sensitive to climatic risks and why, characterize adaptive capacity and its determinants, and identify opportunities for adaptation. This paper examines the importance of case study and analogue methodologies in vulnerability research, reviews the historical evolution of the two methodologies in the HDCC field, and identifies ways in which they can be used to increase our understanding ofRead More →

Pearce, T., J.D. Ford, F. Duerden, B. Smit, M. Andrachuk, L. Berrang-Ford and T. Smith (2010). Regional Environmental Change. Available on-line ahead of print. This paper reviews scientific and gray literature addressing climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR) in the western Canadian Arctic. The review is structured using a vulnerability framework, and 420 documents related directly or indirectly to climate change are analyzed to provide insights on the current state of knowledge on climate change vulnerability in the ISR as a basis for supporting future research and long-term adaptation planning in the region. The literature documents evidence of climate changeRead More →

Ford, J.D., T. Pearce, J. Prno, F. Duerden, L. Berrang-Ford, M. Beaumier, and T. Smith (2009). Regional Environmental Change 9(2):83-100. Find PDF. A survey documenting how climate change is perceived, experienced, and responded to in the Canadian mining sector was administered to industry practitioners at the Prospectors & Developers Association of Canada annual meeting. Nine key findings from the survey are discussed: (1) The Canadian mining sector is sensitive to climate-related conditions. (2) Climate change is perceived to be having a negative impact on mining operations. (3) Companies are taking action to manage the current impacts. (4) Cost and uncertainty are commonly identified barriers to adapting toRead More →

Ford, J.D., and L. Berrang-Ford (2009). Polar Record 45(234):225-236. Find PDF. This paper reports on an exploratory analysis examining the prevalence of food (in)security in the Inuit community of Igloolik, Nunavut, identifying high risk groups, and characterising conditions facilitating and constraining food security. A stratified cross-sectional food survey was administered to 50 Inuit community members in July 2007. 64% of the participants surveyed experienced some degree of food insecurity in the past year (July 2006–July 2007). Food insecurity among the sample population greatly exceeds the Canadian average. This is cause for concern given the negative physical and mental health impacts that have been documented for low nutritionalRead More →

Endfield, G., D.B. Ryves, K. Mills, and L. Berrang-Ford (2009). Geographical Journal 175(3):181-95. Find PDF. Identifying the nature of the association between climate, environmental, socio-economic and political context and disease remains a major challenge, yet a better comprehension of the linkages is imperative if predictive models to guide public health responses are to be devised. Our understanding of the relationships could be improved through investigations of historical epidemics. In this paper we draw on a range of published and unpublished documents to explore the complex relationship between climate, environmental change and epidemic disease (re)emergence in East Africa, and Uganda in particular. This is a region which hasRead More →

Berrang-Ford, L., J.D. MacLean, T.W. Gyorkos, J.D. Ford, N.H. Ogden (2009). Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Disease (ID 385487):1-13. Find PDF. This article examines the potential for changes in imported and autochthonous malaria incidence in Canada as a consequence of climate change. Drawing on a systems framework, we qualitatively characterize and assess the potential direct and indirect impact of climate change on malaria in Canada within the context of other concurrent ecological and social trends. Competent malaria vectors currently exist in southern Canada, including within this range several major urban centres, and conditions here have historically supported endemic malaria transmission. Climate change will increase the occurrence of temperatureRead More →

Berrang-Ford, L. (2007). Conflict and Health 1:6. Find PDF. Conflict and war have long been recognized as determinants of infectious disease risk. Re-emergence of epidemic sleeping sickness in sub-Saharan Africa since the 1970s has coincided with extensive civil conflict in affected regions. Sleeping sickness incidence has placed increasing pressure on the health resources of countries already burdened by malaria, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis. In areas of Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola, sleeping sickness occurs in epidemic proportions, and is the first or second greatest cause of mortality in some areas, ahead of HIV/AIDS. In Uganda, there is evidence of increasing spread and establishment ofRead More →