IHACC: Indigenous Health Adaptation to Climate Change
Current funding: IDRC, CIHR, SSHRC, NSERC
Principal Investigators: Lea Berrang Ford and James Ford (Canada), Shuaib Lwasa (Uganda), Alejandro Llanos (Peru)
Key Partners Cayetano University (Peru), Makerere University (Uganda), Ugandan Ministry of Health, Public Health Agency of Canada, University of Guelph
Student participation: Kaitlin Patterson, Sarah MacVicar, Margot Charette, Kathryn Dingle, Irene Hofmeijer, Mya Sherman, Blanaid Donnelly, Carol Zavaleta, Joseph Lewnard, Yang Guo, Sierra Clark, Isha Berry
Project Website: www.ihacc.ca
I am currently Co-PI on a $2.5M IHACC project (Indigenous Health Adaptation to Climate change), funded by the IDRC and tri-councils IRIACC program. This international, interdisciplinary project aims to identify and characterize the vulnerability of Indigenous health systems to climate change and develop interventions to promote adaptation. The work involves participatory research with community partners in the Peruvian Amazon (Shawi communities), Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda (Batwa pygmy communities), and the Canadian Arctic (Inuit), and close collaboration with researchers and stakeholders in Uganda, Peru and the Arctic. IHACC is currently entering its second year of a longitudinal health survey, and has begun qualitative health systems and vulnerability assessment, as well as policy review. Visit the IHACC website, or click here to watch a short video on the project.
- Vulnerability and adaptive capacity of Inuit women to climate change: A case study from Iqaluit, Nunavut (Natural Hazards, In Press) Bunce et al.
- Seasonal variation of food security among the Batwa of Kanungu, Uganda (Public Health Nutrition, In Press) Patterson et al.
- A Longitudinal Analysis of Mosquito Net Ownership and Use in an Indigenous Batwa Population after a Targeted Distribution (PLoS One, 2016) Clark et al.
- Prevalence and risk factors of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasitemia among Indigenous Batwa and non-Indigenous communities of Kanungu District, Uganda (Malaria Journal, 2016) Donnelly et al.
- Dynamic food system vulnerability and the extreme 2010-2011 floods in the Peruvian Amazon: A case study from the Ucayali region (Food Security, 2016) Sherman et al.
- What do we know about health-related knowledge translation in the Circumpolar North? Results from a Scoping Review (International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 2016) McDonald et al.
- The burden and determinants of self-reported acute gastrointestinal illness among an Indigenous Batwa-Pygmy population in southwestern Uganda (Epidemiology and Infection, 2014) Clark et al.
- Vulnerability to the health effects of climate change in rural East Africa: a case study from Uganda (Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 2015) Labbé et al.
- Lived experience of acute gastrointestinal illness in Rigolet, Nunatsiavut: “Just suffer through it” (Social Science and Medicine, 2015) Harper et al.
- Relative Undernourishment and Food Insecurity Associations with Plasmodium falciparum Among Batwa Pygmies in Uganda: Evidence from a Cross – Sectional Survey (The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2014) Lewnard et al.
- Balancing Indigenous principles and institutional research guidelines for informed consent procedures in Indigenous health research: a case study from the Peruvian Amazon (American Journal of Bioethics, In press) Sherman et al.
- Community vulnerability to the health effects of climate change among Indigenous populations in the Peruvian Amazon: A case study from Panaillo and Nuevo Progresso (Mitigation & Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, In press) Hofmeijer et al.
- Vulnerability of indigenous health to climate change: A case study of Uganda’s Batwa pygmies (Social Science & Medicine, 2012) Berrang-Ford et al.
- Vulnerability of aboriginal health systems in Canada to climate change (Global Environmental Change, 2010) Ford et al.
Sleeping sickness in sub-Saharan Africa
Previous funding: IDRC, National Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC)
Key collaborators:Uganda Ministry of Health, Makerere University
Student participation: Jamie Lundine, Finola Hackett
I am participating in ongoing research evaluating the determinants of T.b. rhodesiense sleeping sickness incidence in Uganda. This research has involved a number of projects, including spatio-temporal analysis of historic disease spread and associations with land cover and analysis of conflict as a determinant of disease at the national and continental levels. Recently research has focused on collection of expert-sourced national tsetse vector data, as well as recent epidemiologic and spatial evaluation of sleeping sickness cases over the past 10 years. My lab has also begun research on the burden of sleeping sickness using the DALY measure (Disability Adjusted Life Years) for Uganda, with particular interest in how burden estimates different across scales and how zoonotic diseases are considered in burden analyses.
- Incorporating Scale Dependence in Disease Burden Estimates: The Case of Human African Trypanosomiasis in Uganda (PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2014) Hackett et al.
- Expert knowledge sourcing for public health surveillance: national tsetse mapping in Uganda. (Social Science and Medicine, 2013) Berrang-Ford et al.
- Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense Sleeping sickness, Uganda (Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2012) Berrang-Ford et al.
- Conflict and human African trypanosomiasis (Social Science & Medicine, 2011) Berrang-Ford et al.
- Sleeping sickness in south- eastern Uganda: a spatio-temporal analysis of disease risk, 1970-2003 (Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 2010) Berrang-Ford et al.
- The gloomy forebodings of this dread disease: climate, environment and sleeping sickness in East Africa around the turn of the twentieth century (The Geographical Journal, 2009) Enfield et al.
- Civil conflict and sleeping sickness in Africa in general and Uganda in particular(Conflict & Health, 2007) Berrang-Ford
- Spatial analysis of sleeping sickness, South-eastern Uganda, 1970-2003(Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2006) Berrang-Ford et al.
- Sleeping sickness in Uganda: revisiting historical distributions, 1905-1920(African Health Sciences, 2006) Berrang-Ford et al.
- Sleeping sickness in southeastern Uganda: a systems approach(EcoHealth, 2005) Berrang-Ford et al.
Climate change impacts on vector-borne and zoonotic disease
Current funding:Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
Researchers involved at McGill:Lea Berrang-Ford; Peruvian research in collaboration with Dr. Tim Brewer, Antonio Ciampi, and Cayetano University (Peru)
Student participation: Valerie Hongoh, Rose Eckhardt, Roland Ngom, Charlotte Picard, Aidan Findlater, Margot Charette
Vector-borne diseases are known to be highly climate sensitive. Projected changes in climate are expected to have implications for the potential range distributions of vectors and pathogens of public health importance. Within this research program, we have conducted projects in Canada and Peru. Our research team completed an evaluation of the changing risks of vector-borne diseases in Canada. These projects focused on
Vector-borne diseases are known to be highly climate sensitive. Projected changes in climate are expected to have implications for the potential range distributions of vectors and pathogens of public health importance. Within this research program, we have conducted projects in Canada and Peru. Our research team completed an evaluation of the changing risks of vector-borne diseases in Canada. These projects focused on collection of existing data on vector and pathogens species distributions, as well as ecological determinants such as climate and land cover. Ecological niche modeling and spatial analysis were used to determine the spatial and temporal determinants of species ranges in order to develop species maps. Downscaled climate projection data were used to project scenarios of potential changes in range distributions. In Peru, our research focused on an epidemiologic analysis of historical incidence of infectious disease and sea surface temperature data to evaluate long-term national and sub-national epidemiologic associations. The project aimed to evaluate the extent to which disease incidence in Peru has been determined by variations in climate, with a focus on leishmaniasis and dengue.Related Publications:
- Leishmaniasis, conflict, and political terror: a spatio-temporal analysis of global incidence (PLOS NTD, On-line ahead of print) Berry et al.
- A spatial analysis of individual- and neighbourhood-level determinants of malaria incidence in adults, Ontario, Canada (Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2012) Eckhardt et al.
- Expanding geographical distribution of the mosquito, Culex pipiens, in Canada under climate change (Applied Geography, 2012) Hongoh et al.
- Climate change and dengue: analysis of historical health and environment data for Peru (Tropical Medicine & International Health, 2011) Picard et al.
- Climate change and malaria in Canada: a systems approach (Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases, 2009) Berrang-Ford et al.
- A review of environmental determinants and risk factors for avian-associated mosquito arboviruses in Canada (Biodiversity, 2009) Hongoh et al.
Tracking climate change adaptation
Funding:Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR), Canadian Foundation for Climatic and Atmospheric Sciences (CFCAS)
Researchers involved at McGill: Lea Berrang-Ford, James Ford, Jody Heymann, Magda Barrera, Jaclyn Patterson, Carolyn Poutiainen, Alexandra Lesnikowski, Malcolm Araos,Victoria Aton, Michelle Maillet, Tanya Smith
Key collaborators: Public Health Agency of Canada, Health Canada, National Collaborating Centre for Environmental HealthThis research program is developing novel methods to track adaptation action in different sectors and at different scales, with a focus on adaptation to the health impacts of climate change. The goal of the research is to apply systematic mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative) to evaluate progress and policies on global adaptation. Research projects to date have included a systematic quantitative literature review of peer-reviewed evidence of global adaptation, systematic policy analysis of national adaptations in the health sector, review of participation in health adaptation by NGOs, and characterization of adaptation in the Ontario health sector.
This research program is developing novel methods to track adaptation action in different sectors and at different scales, with a focus on adaptation to the health impacts of climate change. The goal of the research is to apply systematic mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative) to evaluate progress and policies on global adaptation. Research projects to date have included a systematic quantitative literature review of peer-reviewed evidence of global adaptation, systematic policy analysis of national adaptations in the health sector, review of participation in health adaptation by NGOs, and characterization of adaptation in the Ontario health sector.
The Tracking Research on Adaptation to Climate Change Consortium, TRAC3, was launched in 2014 to link a growing network of researchers working to advance approaches for tracking progress on adaption to the impacts of climate change.TRAC3 was created to facilitate new collaborations that address conceptual, methodological, and practical challenges associated with tracking progress on adaptation around the world. TRAC3 was founded by Dr. Lea Berrang-Ford and Dr. James Ford, Associate Professors in the department of Geography at McGill University, and Dr. Robbert Biesboek, Assistant Professor in the department of Social Sciences at Wageningen University (Netherlands). Follow Trac3 on twitter @tradacptcc or click here to be redirected TRAC3’s main website.
- Drawing the line between adaptation and development: a systematic literature review of planned adaptation in developing countries (WIREs Climate Change, In Print) Sherman et al.
- The potential of big data for climate change adaptation (PNAS, In Press) Ford et al.
- Adaptation to climate change in large cities: a systematic global assessment (Environmental Science & Policy, On-line ahead of print) Araos et al.
- National-level progress on adaptation (National Climate Change, 2016) Lesnikowski et al.
- Public Health Adaptation to Climate Change in Large Cities: A Global Baseline (International Journal of Health Services, 2016) Araos et al.
- Systematic review approaches for climate change adaptation research (Regional Environmental Change, 2015) Berrang-Ford et al.
- The current status of climate change adaptation in Africa and Asia (Regional Environmental Change, 2015) Ford et al.
- The 4Cs of adaptation tracking: consistency, comparability, comprehensiveness, coherency (Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 2015) Ford and Berrang-Ford.
- Public health adaptation to climate change in Canadian jurisdictions (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2015) Austin et al.
- How are we adapting to climate change? A global assessment (Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 2015) Lesnikowski et al.
- What drives national adaptation? A global assessment (Climate Change, 2014) Berrang-Ford et al.
- How to Track Adaptation to Climate Change: A Typology of Approaches for National-Level Application (Ecology and Society, 2013) Ford et al.
- Adaptation to climate change in the Ontario public health sector (BMC Public Health, 2012) Paterson et al.
- Are we adapting to climate change? (Global Environmental Change, 2011) Berrang-Ford et al.
- Adapting to health impacts of climate change: a study of UNFCCC Annex I parties (Environmental Research Letters, 2011) Lesnikowski et al.
- Canadian federal support for climate change and health research compared with the risks posed (American Journal of Public Health, 2011) Ford et al.
- A systematic review of observed climate change adaptation in developed nations (Climatic Change, 2011) Ford et al.